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Elements of a Federal Tort Claim (Part A)

If you are considering filing an injury claim against the government because of an accident, you should be aware of the elements of a Federal Tort Claim (FTC). FTC claims can be complicated, and an accident lawyer can help you make sense of the laws while building a winning case.

What is the Federal Tort Claim Act?

The Federal Tort Claim Act (FTCA) permits civil claims to be brought against the government should you be injured in an accident. While at one time the federal government was protected from civil claims, the FTCA changed that. Filing an injury claim against the government is now permissible.

In essence, the government is waiving its right to sovereign immunity. When a government entity or employee causes injury to an individual in an accident, they can now be held liable.

Where is a FTC against the government filed?

Federal Tort Claims against the government are filed in the district court of the claimant’s residence or in the district court nearest to where the injury occurred. One exception is that if you’re filing an injury claim against the government for negligence. In this event, it can only be filed in state court.

After filing an injury claim against the government, it goes through the same process as most other claims. This means that there will be an opportunity to negotiate the settlement of the injury claim. This initial filing is called the administrative claim.

What type of damages can I expect to receive?

When it comes to damages, a claimant cannot receive more than what was asked for in the administrative claim. If a claimant learns after the filing of an injury claim against the government that damages in property or injuries are greater than originally indicated, the evidence of this must be shown.

It is also important to know that a claimant cannot sue for punitive damages against the federal government.

Personal injury claims of any kind can be extremely tedious and confusing, much more so when filing an injury claim against the government. An accident lawyer can help you understand your full rights and can advocate for you, as well as handle all of the complexities of filing paperwork and gathering evidence for your case.


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